Policy for Management of Railway Land – Railway Board’s Master Circular dated 04.10.2022
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS
New Delhi, Dated 04.10.2022
The General Managers,
All Zonal Railways & Production Units.
To enable integrated development of infrastructure aligned with PM Gati Shakti framework and to attract more cargo to rail, the extant policies for leasing, licensing and Right of Way (ROW) of railway land have been simplified. The detailed guidelines on ‘Policy for Management of Railway Land” superseding all previous policies/guidelines/instructions on the subject of lease / license/Way Leave (Right of Way) are enclosed as Annexure.
This issues with the approval of Board (MI, MO&BD, MT&RS, MF and CRB&CEO).
DA: As above.
Executive Director/Land &Amenities
Policy for Management of Railway Land
(Leasing/ Licensing/Way Leave Facilities on Railway land)
1.1 To enable integrated development of infrastructure aligned with PM Gati Shakti framework and to attract more cargo to rail, the extant policy for leasing, licensing and Right of Way (ROW) of railway land has been simplified.
1.2 The policy shall be applicable to land on which Railway has any right, title or interest.
1.3 This policy shall be applicable for grant of lease/license/way leave permissions for all the cases under consideration, new cases and renewal of cases.
1.4 This policy shall supersede all previous policies/ guidelines/ instructions on the subject of lease / license/Way Leave (Right of Way).
2 Permitted uses of railway land under this policy:
2.1 General: All activities connected with railway working and activities which will promote Railway’s cargo service shall be permitted.
2.2 Cargo Terminals: Cargo Terminals shall be permitted in accordance with the extant Gati Shakti Cargo Terminal Policy issued by Ministry of Railways vide letter no. 202 1/TC(FM)/18/23 dated 15.12.2021 as amended from time to time.
2.3 Cargo related facilities: All activities which use railways as a mode of transport for at least one direction of movement, e.g. warehouses, storage facilities , silos, tanks , conveyer belt, decanting facilities, and other enabling facilities for cargo like rail/road weigh bridges, truck parking, etc. shall be permitted.
2.4 Passenger facilities: Railway land shall be permitted for passenger facilities as per the policies issued by Railway Board from time to time.
2.5 Renewable Energy and other Activities required for railway’s : Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), Water Recycling Plants (WRPs)/Water Treatment Plants, Renewable Energy any other such facility, etc. shall be permitted
2.6 Infrastructure for public service utilities: Infrastructure for all public service utilities viz. electricity, gas, water supply, telecom cable, sewage disposal, drains, optical fiber cables (OFC), pipelines, roads, flyovers, bus terminals, regional rail transport, urban transport and any other such infrastructure shall be permitted.
2.7 Staff amenities: Legacy scheme like Grow More Food Scheme to Railway employees to prevent encroachment of railway land shall be permitted.
2.8 Cultural, Social and Sports Activities: Activities for cultural, social and sports will be permitted for short term period not exceeding four months.
2.9 Government Bodies/Department: Railway land shall be permitted for infrastructure activities of Government Bodies/Department for their own use.
2.10 Social Infrastructure: Hospitals selected through a transparent policy and Kendriya Vidyalaya through Kendriya Vidyalaya sangathan.
2.11 Land entrusted to RLDA: Commercial development of surplus railway land entrusted to RLDA, in accordance with the Rules of RLDA, and the policies of the Ministry of Railway, shall b’ permitted.
2.12 Rail Tel Corporation of India (RCIL): For towers and other telecom infrastructure as per arrangement between Ministry of Railway and RCIL.
3 Application & Approval Process:
3.1 Transparent methods of competitive bidding as per instructions issued from time to time shall be followed for allocating land to new cargo related projects/facilit ies and renewable energy, water treatment, water recycling, sewage treatment plants, etc. for exclusive use of the railways. For critical infrastructure/public service utilities projects, railway land and right of way permission shall be accorded on the specific requirement of concerned Ministries/Department/agencies.
3.2 IR has developed an online approval system i.e. IR-LSPS (Indian Railways Lease License Processing System) for granting leasing/licensing of railway land. Similarly , IR has developed IR-RBCS (Indian Railways- Rail Bhoomi Crossing seva), an on line system , for way leave permissions on railway land. Application for grant of land leasing/licen ing and way leave permissions shall be submitted on respective online portals only. Approval in all cases shall be granted online.
3.3 Competent authority: Divisional Rail Manager(DRM) shall be the competent authority to allot railway land on lease/license, way leave permissions, and subsequent renewal of lease/license/way leave agreements. For renewal cases, aspects like regular maintenance of assets connected with railway working, adherence to the commitments made in the lease/ license agreement , payment of dues on time etc. shall be examined.
3.4 Time frame for approval:
3.4.1 Railway shall ensure to accord permission for way leave for public utilities like electricity cables, telecom cables, optic fibre cables and water/sewage pipelines upto diameter of 300 mm within 15 days from date of registration on the online portal
3.4.2 Railway shall ensure to accord permission for way leave for activities other than stipulated under para 3.4.1, within 60 days from date of registration on the online portal.
3.4.3 Railway shall ensure to accord grant of land lease/license of cases within 90 days from date of registration on the online portal.
4. Market value of land
4.1 Market Value of railway land (MVL) shall be the prevalent circle rate/ready reckoner rate I guidance value of the railway land at the time of execution of the lease agreement, if available, otherwise prevalent circle rate/ready reckoner rate/ guidance value of surrounding land for similar classifications/activities shall be considered. For .example, if surrounding land is classified as industrial use, then industrial rate shall be used.
Note: In case the notified circle rates of the current year is not available then last available circle rates/ ready reckoner rate/guidance value as notified by revenue authority or as decided by District Revenue Authorities shall be considered.
4.2 For cargo terminals, industrial rates, if specified in that State shall be considered. If not specified, then any other rate depending upon use of surrounding land as specified by State/ Revenue office shall only be considered.
4.3 In case of cargo terminals, if logistics industry is given a special status and discount is given in a state, then railways shall also give same discount in that state.
5. General Conditions:
5.1 Cargo related activities can be taken up by any entity including railways. PSUs, existing container terminal operators, new container terminal operators, multi-modal logistics operators, industries, ports, mines and any other entity interested in carrying cargo on railway network.
5.2 Land ownership will continue to remain with Railways. No sub-lease/sub license/ mortgage/transfer/relinquishment of railway land shall be permitted under this policy.
5.3 The lease/license of railway land shall not be granted to religious and political institutions, private individuals/entities (not connected with railway working) for setting up shops, commercial offices, vending stalls, clinics, schools (other than Kendriya vidyalaya) and tehbazari.
5.4 The execution of work for providing way leave facilities/ permission to cross railway track in railway area shall normally be done by the party except for the cases affecting safety of railway track for which execution work may be done by railway administration. The execution scheme shall be approved by ORM in all cases.
5.5 The cost on account of stamp duty charges, documentation, registration of agreements, GST, property taxes etc., as the case may be, shall be borne by the party for the facility permitted by the railway under this policy. The party shall be responsible for registration of agreement in terms of applicable laws.
6. Tenure and Charges of grant of lease/license and way leave permissions:
Tenure and rates for lease/license of railway land are detailed in Schedule 1, for way leave permissions (ROW) in Schedule 2 and for Metro/other Rail Systems in Schedule 3.
7.1 Before giving actual possession of the land or permission to start the work, lease/license/way leave agreement shall be executed between the Senior Divisional Engineer (authorised representative) of concerned railway division and he party seeking such rights without any exception.
7.2 Model Standard lease/license/way leave agreement will be issued by Railway Board.
7.3 Records of all lease/license/way leave agreements shall be maintained by railway and will be uploaded on online portal of iR-LSPS & IR-RBCS. Original copy of executed lease/license agreements shall be kept with division with one copy of agreement to be maintained in zonal headquarters .
7.4 Renewal of Lease/License/Way leave agreement: On expiry of lease/license/way leave agreement, further renewal upto 35 years or for period as stipulated in the agreement can be done based on mutual agreement between railway and party. Market value of the land prevalent at the time of renewal shall be considered for deciding the lease/ license/way leave charges.
7.5 Migration of existing lease/licenses/way leave permissions:
7.5.1 Existing lease/license holders of Terminals/ Private Sidings/ Private Freight Terminals (PFTs): All entities currently using railway land for cargo activities will continue to be governed by railway’s extant policies, i.e. annual lease/license charges @ 6% of MVL with annual escalation of 7% for the remaining lease/license period or 35 years or period as mutually decided whichever is earlier. The existing entities shall be given option to migrate to the new policy regime on transparent competitive bidding process as applicable for new cargo terminals provided there are no outstanding dues. In such cases, the right of first refusal shall be with the existing licensee/ lessee. For Terminals/Private Sidings/PFTs dedicated to one customer and where competition is not possible or existing entities who do not want to avail the option as above , the annual lease charges shall remain unchanged i.e. annual lease/license charges @ 6% of MVL with annual escalation of 7 %
7.5.2 Existing users of way leave: All existing way leave facility users shall be able to migrate to this policy regime only after expiry of period of existing way leave agreement and payment of all dues.
8. Dispute Resolution:
In case of any dispute arising in interpretation of the policy, land rates, land area, etc., a standing committee of three JAS/SG officers of Engineering, Finance and user department of concerned railway division shall examine all the issues and submit recommendations to the DRM whose decision shall be final and binding on all the parties.
9. Termination of Agreement:
In the event of any serious irregularity, grave breach of the terms & conditions of the agreement , any default, violation ?f the Railway Act, 1989, commission of any unlawful act which is not in line with good industry practices, railway administration may terminate the lease/license/ way leave agreement subject to the provisions in the agreement.
Schedule 1: Lease/license Tenure and charges :
|1(a)||New Cargo Terminals/ sidings/Goods shed and other cargo related facilities etc.||35 years||Lease charges @1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|1 (b)||Existing Cargo Terminals/ sidings/ Goods shed etc.||35 years||Lease charges @ 6% of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 7%*|
|2||Renewable power plants, Sewage Treatment/Water Treatment Plants/ Water Recycling Plants and any such activity for exclusive Railway’s use||35 years||Lease chrges @ ₹1/-per sqm per annum|
|3||Social infrastructure such as hospitals through PPP and Kendriya Vidyalaya through Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan||60 years||Lease charges @ ₹1/- per
sqm per annum
|4||Infrastructure works for Public service utilities like electricity, gas, water supply, telecom cable, sewage disposal, optical fiber cable, pipelines, urban transport and any such infrastructure under PM Gati Shakti programme, if leasing of railway land is involved||35 years||Lease charges @1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|5||BOOT Laundry||15 years||Lease charges @ ₹1/-. per sq. m per annum|
|6||Other activities related with railway working not covered under 1 to 4 above||35 years||Lease charges @6% of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|7||Passenger amenities related activities as time to time amended from||As specified in the Commercial policy circulars/ guidelines||Activity Specific policy issued by Railway Board.|
|8||State Govt/ Other Govt. Departments for activities for their own use||35 years||Lease charges of Upfront payment @ 99% of market value of land with nominal charges of @ ₹1000/- per annum further extendable for 35 years on nominal charges|
|9||Legacy scheme Grow More Food (upto 2 Hectare per employee)||2 years||License charges @ 1/41n of
the expected revenue
|10||Cultural and sports activities (Temporary licensing)||4 months||License charges @ 6.0 % of market value of land per annum|
- Payment of land use can be done either annually or entire payable amount can be paid in advance on present value basis with discounting of future cash flows at rate of 7% per annum for the activities listed from SN (1) to (4) & (6) above.
- * If existing entities operating Cargo Terminals/ sidings/ Goods shed etc. do not want to avail option for shifting to new cargo terminal policy under transparent competitive bidding process, then these existing entities will be permitted to enter into new lease agreement at 6% annual lease charges with annual escalation of 7%.
- No fresh licensing of railway land for new establishment of shops, religious structures , private schools, etc. will be granted.
3.1 (a) For existing shops on railway land where license has expired or not yet renewed: These shops will be auctioned for grant of license at reserve price of 10 % of market value of land per annum, provided land is not required for railways’ own infrastructural and development need. However, existing licensee/owner will have the right of first refusal. The rent shall be increased @ 6 % per year. The license will be given for maximum tenure of 5 years.
(b) For existing shop with valid license agreement: These shops, on expiry of license tenure, will be given on license by auctioning at reserve price of 10% of market value of land per annum, provided land is not required for railway· own infrastructural and development need. However, existing licensee/owner will have the right of first refusal. The rent shall be increased @ 6 % per year. The license will be given for maximum tenure of 5 years.
3.2 The license fee of existing religious institutions will be @ ₹2,000/- per annum. Further, the area of existing religious structure shall not be permitted to increase in any case.
3.3 The license fee for existing Govt/Govt. aided schools shall be levied @ ₹10,000/- per annum. However, license charges for existing private schools on railway land shall continue to be @ 6% of market value of land at 7 % annual increment.
4. For Staff Welfare organization including Handicraft centers, Railways social welfare organizations , Bharat Scouts and Guides license charges will be @ ₹2.000/- per annum .
5. Licensing of railway land including railway buildings (cost of building is to be suitably incorporated) for Rail Mail Service(RMS) shall be governed by Railway board’ instruction 2014/LML-II/18/6 dated 03.12.2014 & 73/ W2/3/8 dated 02.02.1979.
6. The usage of railway land related to Passenger amenities shall be activity specific policy issued by Railway Board (commercial dte.) as amended from time to time.
7 For the purpose of calculation of the cost of the land, area of land shall be calculated as followed:
7.1 The minimum width of land shall be taken as 1m, thereafter in multiple of 1 m.
7.2 The length of crossing shall be as actual, if less than 50 m, otherwise in multiple of 50 m
8. The minimum lease/license charges under activity at S.No. 4 shall be ₹10,000/-
Schedule 2: Way Leave (ROW) facilities
|SN||Activity||Tenure upto||way leave charges|
|1(a)||For underground public utilities like electricity cable, telecom cable, optical fibre cable and water/sewage pipeline up to diameter 300mm for railway land which includes track crossing (ROW)||35 years||One time fee o1
|1(b)||Public utility provider/any organization that provides and maintain the infrastructure for a public service like electricity , gas, water supply, telecom cable, sewage disposal, irrigation channels/canals subject to applicable. regulations, etc||35 years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation 0 6%|
|2||Passages up to one metre wide for individual households or agriculturists adjoining Railway line.||35 Years||One time fee of ₹6400/-|
|3||Water pipe line crossing for cultivation by individual farmer , electrical line crossing, water/sewage pipe lines and other crossings upto 300 mm dia. for individual house, shops.||35 Years||One time fee 0
|4||Passage/road for vehicles, scooters etc. (i.e: between 1m to 3m wide) by individuals , housing societies, private firms, organizations||35 Years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|5||Public road by local bodies/state Govt/ Govt/ Charitable institutions, welfare organizations up to 3 m width .||35 Years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|6||Pipe conveyor/open conveyor system over RCC/PSC/Steel/ composite structure||35 Years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|7||ROB/RUB in lieu of level crossings||N.A.||Nil|
|8||Flyovers/ ROBs/Road Under bridges||35 Years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|9||Metros/RRTS/N HSRCL||As per Schedule 3|
- Payment of land use and ROW charges can be done either annually or entire payable amount can be paid in advance on present value basis with discounting of future cash flows at rate of 7% per annum.
- In case of State Govt/Govt projects of public utilities having wider social implication or in some way advantageous to railways, the Divisional Railway Manager of concerned division may decide for way leave charges on case to case basis “as deemed fit” by relaxing laid down standards or reducing way leave charges on reciprocal basis with finance concurrence.
- Any proposal for passage /roads for width more than 3 m shall be treated under lease.
- Supervision charges in case of deposit work being undertaken by party himself for the way leave cases shall be 6.25 % of cost of work. No other charges except way leave charges will be applicable.
- For request of way leave permission (ROW) having tenure less than a year, the way leave charges on prorate basis shall be levied.
- In case of annual payment option, a security deposit (refundable after tenure) of two-year annual payment shall be deposited by the party.
- The minimum way leave charges for activities specified at SN 1(b), 4,5,6,B and 9 shall be ₹10,000/-.
Schedule 3 : Metro/RRTS/NHSRCL Crossings
|SN||Activity/ Location||Tenure upto||New crossing Charges|
|1||On Ground||35 years||A. Within track portion- (not permitted)
B. Beyond tract portion – At 1.5% of market value of land with annual escalation at 6%
|2||Overhead||35 years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|3.1||For depth up to 10 meter||Not permitted|
|3.2||For depth from 10 m to 30 meter||35 years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
|3.3||for depth exceeding 30 metre||35 years||At ₹10,000/- per annum.|
|3.4||For station building or entry/ exit or circulating area||35 years||1.5 % of market value of land per annum with annual escalation of 6%|
1. For the purpose of calculation of the cost of the land, area of land shall be calculated based on the width of land as below :
1.1 Elevated Crossings : Width of land should be taken as superimposed width of overhead Metro structure plus 500 mm margin on either side.
1.2 Underground Crossings : Width of land: 01 plus 02 plus 1O m plus 1 m where 01 & 02 are diameters (in metre) of tunnels passing beneath the Railway track considering 10 metre minimum clear spacing between tunnels and 500 mm margin on either side of the tunnel.
2. For all above cases, the charges shall be payable either annually or entire payable amount can be paid in advance on present value basis with discounting of future cash flows at rate of 7 % per annum
3. However, in case of annual payment option, a security deposit of two-year annual payment (refundable after tenure) shall be deposited by the party.
4. In no case, Metro crossing shall be permitted at a depth less than 10 metre from ground level to top of tunnel/underground structure.
5. Irrespective of the permission granted for underground, on ground or over ground structures for crossing of tv1etro Networks, all air/space rights shall rest with the Railways.